TECH

A 53-foot one-off fast bluewater sailing yacht. The essence of 10 years search for the dream yacht!

TECHNICAL

Propulsion engine and DC generator in one

It was a requirement not to have a separate generator on board (for good reasons!, see description of Electrical system below), but rather use the propulsion engine for powerful electrical generation as well. Thus, a Nanni engine was chosen because it was possible to have it delivered with a special frame to support two large 24V alternators. Neither Volvo Penta nor Yanmar were able to offer this. Nanni is based on Kubota engines, one of the most used diesel engines in the world, used in industrial, agricultural, and construction applications world wide, guaranteeing the best in reliability and spare parts availability. The N4.115 model on Cheetah is a large displacement (4.0 liter) low rpm (2600) engine with turbo and intercooler, offering very smooth low vibration running and good fuel economy.

  • 115hp Nanni N4.115 diesel engine w. Kansaki TTM40A reduction gear 1:2.43 with hydraulic clutch.
  • Python-drive flexible coupling between engine and prop shaft to minimize vibrations
  • 4-blade feathering propeller, 23” MaxProp Easy

 

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

  • Two highly efficient brushless 24V 140A alternators (Prestolite Leece-Neville BLD3365GH) on the engine for charging house batteries, each with Balmar MC-624 charging regulators.
  • 12V 100A alternator charging the starter battery and stern thruster batteries.
  • 24V 9kWh Lithium LiFePO4 main battery bank, comprising 2x Genasun 180Ah 24V units with redundant BMS systems.
  • 230VAC system: Victron MultiPlus 2x2kW inverter/chargers in parallel for redundancy, AC ring wired inside boat, incl. 3.5kVA Isolation Transformer.

 

The boat has a carefully designed very powerful electrical system, capable of running air conditioning and watermaker without the need for a separate diesel generator. Instead, there are two large 24V brushless fire truck alternators with a 73% efficiency directly on the engine that produces 6kW of direct charging of two large house banks of Lithium batteries (9kWh total capacity). Two 2kW inverters in parallel supply abundant of 230VAC power to run air conditioning and household appliances like a Nespresso coffee machine, toaster, water kettle and vacuum cleaner. So not only is there complete redundancy in having duplicate alternators, batteries and inverters, but also a huge weight saving of appr. 5-600kgs by eliminating the need for a generator and large banks of lead acid batteries as in traditional systems. The watermaker is also very energy efficient and runs directly off 24VDC.

The direct DC charging of Lithium LiFePO4 batteries from the alternators is offering another huge benefit in terms of much reduced charging time compared to typical systems. On Cheetah, a depleted house battery (in practice appr. 20% state of charge – SOC) can be topped up to close to 100% SOC with a 1hr15m run of the engine at 1000rpm, or 2x 30min per 24hrs when on a passage. On other boats with a typical generator that produces 230VAC this must be converted to DC through a battery charger, limiting the charging power to a fraction of the output of the generator. And the poor charge acceptance rate of lead acid batteries limits charging further, resulting in as much as four times longer charging times, with the nuisance of noise and exhaust smell from the generator for hours and hours, and extra maintenance of a 2nd diesel engine.

The Lithium house bank powers all major systems on board, including the bow thruster, windlass, headsail furler and hydraulic power pack. The very stiff voltage (little drop at high load) of Li-ion makes this possible without the use of separate bow buffer batteries as found in traditional setups, simplifying the installation and saving weight.

However, there is in addition a 24V 110Ah AGM bank that can be engaged with a switch to act as an emergency power source in case of power failure of the Lithium batteries (eg. due to a lightning strike that could harm the electronics in the Battery Management System). This AGM bank powers the stern thruster in normal operation, and is charged from the 12V 100A alternator that comes standard with the Nanni engine, via a 12-24V Battery-to-battery charger. This 12V alternator is also used to charge a dedicated 12V engine starter battery.

At right is an overview of the electrical system.

THREE FORESAILS

  • Jib / genua with electric below deck furler
  • Staysail with endless line furler on removable innerstay
  • Code1 sail with endless line furler, removable

Miscellaneous

  • Bow and stern thrusters, Sleipner SidePower retractable, variable speed.
  • Jefa 24V Autopilot drive
  • B&G instruments, forward looking sonar, AIS, radar, two Zeus2 12” chart plotters, four Tritons over companionway, three H5000, two in cockpit coamings and one and at navstation below.
  • Webasto AirTop 5000 hot air cabin heater.
  • Webasto BlueCool S10 air conditioning for forward cabin and/or galley (selectable air outlet in forward bulkhead).
  • Fuel capacity 560l (310+250l stainless steel tanks)
  • Water capacity 660l (2x330l stainless steel tanks)
  • Blackwater tanks: 2x150l stainless steel tanks with ultrasound level gauges, gravity drain and bypass valves.
  • Schenker Modular 60 analogic watermaker.
  • Electric windlass Lewmar V4 with 60m/10mm ss chain,
  • Rocna 33kg Vulcan main anchor, chain stopper, chain counter, deck wash pump.
  • Fortress FX55 second anchor on 60m ribbon + 10m chain
  • Lightning protection by means of special electrodes in bow and midships near waterline, and grounded mast to keel plates.
  • Spreader lights
  • Boom lights
  • LED navigation and interior lights. Red night lights inside.

 

Safety equipment

  • Life raft for 8 persons
  • EPIRB
  • inReach satellite communicator/tracker
  • AIS MOB beacons in lifevests
  • Laser beacon
  • SOS Marine inflatable danbuoy
  • SOS Marine MOB recovery carpet
  • Spare handheld VHF radio

 

 

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s/y CHEETAH